In various venues, Searle has addressed the question of whether the ‘brain as computer’ metaphor is useful for philosophy of mind and cognitive science.

Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association

Scientific American


Minds, Brains, and Science

Because we do not understand the brain very well we are constantly tempted to use the latest technology as a model for trying to understand it. In my childhood we were always assured that the brain was a telephone switchboard. (‘What else could it be?’) I was amused to see that Sherrington, the great British neuroscientist, thought that the brain worked like a telegraph system. Freud often compared the brain to hydraulic and electro-magnetic systems. Leibniz compared it to a mill, and I am told some of the ancient Greeks thought the brain functions like a catapult. At present, obviously, the metaphor is the digital computer.